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Profile of India

General Information

Capital

 Delhi

Population

 1.027 billion (2001)

Area

 3.3 million square kilometers

Official Languages

 17 major languages, 844 dialects

Currency

 Rupees (One Rupees=100 paise)

Main Cities

 Bombay, Calcutta, Bangalore, Surat.

Government

Form

 Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic, Parliamentary, based on universal adult franchise

Head of Government

 Presidents

Legislature

 Parliament, consists of President and the two Houses, known as Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and Lok Sabha (House of the People)

Executive

 Consists of President, Vice-President and Council of Ministers led by the Prime Minister

Judiciary

 Independent of executive

National Economy

GDP

 1,100 (US$ bln.) 1994

Per Capital Income

 1,220

Industries

 Fuels, Metals, Machinery, Textiles...

Main Exports

 Fuels, Metals, Machinery, Textiles...

People

Urban

 3.0 % (1993)

Major religions

 Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism.

Birth Rate

 28.3 (per 1000)1994

Death Rate

 9.0 (per 1000)1994

Infant Mortality

 80 (per 1000)

Sex

531,277,078 men and 495,738,169 women.

Life Expectancy

 61

Information provided by the Indian Embassy

World Statistics


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