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Profile of Malaysia

General Information

Capital

 Kuala Lumpur

Population

 22.2 Million (2000)

Area

 329,749 sq km

Official Languages

 Malay

Currency

 Ringgit Malaysia (RM) 1 Ringgit = 100 sen

Main Cities

 Kuala Lumpur, Ipoh, Georgetown, Petaling Jaya, Putrajaya

Government

Form

 Federal constitutional monarchy

Independent

 31 August 1957

Head of State

 Monarch (elected every 5 years)

Head of Government

 Prime Minister

Legislature

 Two legislative houses (Senate and House of Representatives)

Executive

 Prime Minister and Cabinet

Judiciary

 Supreme Court (highest court)

Political Division

 13 states, 2 federal territories

National Economy

Gross National Product

 US$ 73,929,000,000 RM 295.8 Billion (2000)

Per Capital Income

 US$ 3,349 RM 12,724 (2000)

Agriculture

 Rice, coconuts, natural rubber, palm kernels, sugar cane, bananas, pepper

Livestock

 Pigs, chickens,  cattle

Fisheries

 1,306,000 metric tons

Mining

 Bauxite, iron ore, copper ore, tin, crude petroleum

Industries

 Rubber & oil palm processing & manufacturing, light manufacturing industries, electronics, tin mining, smelting, petroleum production, logging

Main Exports

 Electronics, electrical machinery & appliances, petroleum products, palm oil, wood products, rubber products, textiles, clothing and footwear

Transportation

 1806 km railroads, 92,545 km roads, 5 major airports

Trading Partners

 United States, Singapore, Japan, Hong Kong, Netherlands, Taiwan

People

Urban

 51%

Ethnic Composition

 Malay and other indigenous peoples (59%); Chinese (32%); Indian (9%)

Birth Rate

 24.4 per 1000 population

Death Rate

 4.4 per 1000 population

Infant Mortality

 7.9 per 1000 live births

Life Expectancy

 69.8 years - males; 74.8 years - females

Information provided by the Malaysian Embassy

World Statistics


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