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Transportation in Korea


The road system, which handles more than 90% of the country's transportation, has been intimately connected to Korea's rapid economic growth and land development since the 1960s when it began to expand dramatically.  The express highway system is currently the backbone of the country's transportation system.

underground_subway_station.jpg (19284 bytes)Like other newly industrialized nations, Korea is facing serious urban transportation problems, such as congestion and parking difficulties, all of which have resulted from the increasing number of vehicles on the road due to the rapid urbanization.  To solve these problems, government policy has focused on developing a more convenient public transport system.  The subway system will be expanded in the six metropolitan cities, and urban railway networks connecting the central city to its satellite cities will also be established.

Korea's extremely limited land mass area contrasts to its relatively large population.  Its geographical constraints and scant supply of natural resources have forced Koreans to secure supplies abroad.  The Korean economy is heavily dependent on overseas raw materials and markets.  In this way, the Korean shipping industry and ports have played a vital role in the country's economic growth and national security. 

Transportation in Seoul

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Airports:
116 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 53
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 72
over 3,047 m: 4
2,438 to 3,047 m: 21
1,524 to 2,437 m: 13
914 to 1,523 m: 12
under 914 m: 22 (2010)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 44
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 42 (2010)
Heliports:
510 (2010)
Pipelines:
gas 1,423 km; refined products 827 km (2009)
Railways:
total: 3,381 km
country comparison to the world: 51
standard gauge: 3,381 km 1.435-m gauge (1,843 km electrified) (2008)
Roadways:
total: 103,029 km
country comparison to the world: 41
paved: 80,642 km (includes 3,367 km of expressways)
unpaved: 22,387 km (2008)
Waterways
1,608 km; (most navigable only by small craft) (2010)
country comparison to the world: 50
Merchant marine:
total: 819
country comparison to the world: 14
by type: bulk carrier 201, cargo 246, carrier 5, chemical tanker 132, container 69, liquefied gas 40, passenger 5, passenger/cargo 21, petroleum tanker 67, refrigerated cargo 15, roll on/roll off 9, vehicle carrier 9
foreign-owned: 33 (China 9, France 1, Japan 15, US 8)
registered in other countries: 438 (Cambodia 11, Ghana 1, Honduras 6, Hong Kong 3, Indonesia 1, Kiribati 2, Liberia 1, Malta 3, Marshall Islands 25, North Korea 1, Panama 366, Philippines 1, Russia 1, Singapore 9, Tuvalu 1, unknown 6) (2010)
Ports and terminals:
Inch'on, P'ohang, Pusan, Ulsan, Yosu
 

 


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