supports I.C.E.Y. - H.O.P.E. (non-profit org)
(International Cooperation of Environmental Youth - Helping Our Polluted Earth) Any advertisement you view helps save the environment!  Thanks!


Countries / Regions

Areas of Interest



Areas of Interest


Viewer's Corner

Publish your story on - Personal experiences, opinions, articles, or any information related to Asia.  More Info...


Asianinfo Photo Gallery
Photos of Asia now available for purchase 

FREE Photos available!

IMG_0122 copy.JPG (69431 bytes)




Hong Kong







Back to Taiwan


Taiwan's Geography and Climate

The island of Taiwan is located in the Western Pacific between Japan and the Philippines off the southeast coast of China, from which it is separated by the Taiwan Strait.  With a total area of about 36,179 square kilometers, Taiwan is 394 kilometers long and 144 kilometers wide at its widest point.

High mountains over 1,000 meters consitute about 31 percent of the island's land area; hills and terraces between 100 and 1,000 meters above sea level make up 38 percent; and alluvial plain below 100 meters in elevation, where most communities, farming activities, and industries are concentrated, account for the remaining 31 percent.

Taiwan's most geographic feature is its 270-kilmoeter central mountain range, which has more than 200 peaks over 3,000 meters high.  At 3,952 meters, Mount Jade is the highest peak in East Asia.  Foothills from the central mountain range lead to tablelands and coast plains in the west and south.  The eastern shoreline is relatively steep, and mountains over 1,000 meters high dominate the island in the north.

Crossed by the Tropic of Cancer, Taiwan has a subtropical climate with the exception of it's extreme southern tip, which is tropical.  Warm ocean currents give Taiwan a climate conducive to the growth of lush vegetation and two or three rice harvest per year.  With an average annual precipitation of 2,471 millimeters, rainfall is abundant.  However, the distribution of water resources is uneven, making the water available for use per capita low.  Thundershowers and the occasional typhoon bring heavy downpours in the summertime, whereas November through February is Taiwan's driest period.

Summers are long and humid, while winters are short and usually milk.  During the coldest months, snow is visible on the island's higher mountains.  The average monthly temperature in the lowlands is 16 in the winter and ranges between 24-30C the rest of the year.

Taiwan's subtropical climate is home to an abundance of diverse plant life, including low altitude flora closely related to that found on southern China, mountain flora similar to that of western China, and high alpine flora resembling that of the Himalayan region.  Acacia is ubiquitous in the lower hills, and bamboo groves and forest are found throughout central and northern Taiwan.  Native plant species are numerous, accounting for roughly 40 percent of Taiwan's total vegetation.

Penghu (Pescadores)

Penghu, also known as the Pescadores, consists of 64 islets in the middle of the Taiwan Strait between China and Taiwan.  Penghu, Yuwong, and Baisha are the primary islands in the group, with Penghu accounting for roughly half of the Pescadores' 126.86 square kilometer area.  Only 20 of the islands are inhabited, with Penghu serving as home to 70 percent of the area's population.

Penghu's climate is characterized by hot summers, cold winters, strong winds, and an average annual rainfall of about 1,000 millimeters, with typhoons frequently hitting the region during summer.

Kinmen (Quemoy)

The Kinmen Islands consist of 12 islets covering an area of 150.45 square kilometers off the southeastern coast of Fujian Province.  The shortest distance from the main island of Kinmen to China is only 2,310 meters.  Although the other islets are low and flat, Kinmen itself is a hilly island that posses numerous harbors capable of accommodating ships of several thousand tons.  The population of the island group is over 58,000.

Eighty percent of the Kinmen Islands' precipitation falls between April and September, with typhoons often striking the region between July and August.  Kinmen's average annual rainfall is 1,049 millimeters, and it's average monthly temperature varies between 19-25C.


Located outside the mouth of the Min River off the coast of China, the Matsu Islands for the northern anchor of the ROC's offshore defense claim. Nankan, the main island of the group, is more commonly known as Matsu, which is also the name of the island's largest port.

South China Sea

The ROC's historical claims to the islands of the South China Sea are reinforced by it's effective occupation of Dongsha and Taiping Islands.  Since 1993, the government's policy towards the area has been set by the Executive Yuan's Policy Guidelines for the South China Sea, which outline the ROC's goals of resolving all disputes peacefully through cooperation with other claimants and increasing the exploration and management of the region's resources without damaging its ecology.  In 1999, responsibility for protecting ROC interests in the South China Sea was transferred from the Ministry of National Defense to the newly created Coast Guard Administration, and the management of Dongsha and Taiping Islands was officially transferred to the Kaohsiung City Government.

Taiwan's total area, including surrounding islands, is approximately 36,000 sq km (13,900 mi), of this Taiwan Island comprises about 98%.  Separated from Mainland China by the Taiwan Strait, Taiwan is bordered by the South China sea in the south, the East China Sea in the north, and the Pacific Ocean on the west.

Approximately half of Taiwan Island is covered by the Chungyang Range.  Their highest elevation is 3,997 m (13,114 ft) at Mount Jade (Yu Shan).  The most productive land is found west of this range where broad, fertile plains are found as well as basins that gently slope down to the Taiwan Strait.  Immediately east of the mountain range, precipitous cliffs are found that drop down 760 m (2500 ft) to the Pacific Ocean.

Of the surrounding islands, two are officially part of a mainland Chinese province, the Matsu and Chinmen islands with one group, the Spratly Islands, claimed by Taiwan and several countries including mainland China, Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam.

Taiwan's has abundant rainfall, with goes with its tropical and subtropical climate.  Approximately 4,000 mm (160 in) of precipitation is Taiwan's yearly average, with the north and south differing in their rainy seasons.  North Taiwan's northeast monsoon brings heavy rainfall during the winter from October to March, while the South's southwest monsoon brings typhoons from June to October and heavy rainfall.  Humidity and heat make up the summer climate with the temperature averaging 82 degrees F (28 degrees C).   Winters are generally mild, lasting from December to February and averaging temperatures of 64 degrees F (18 degrees C).

  Back to Top... supports I.C.E.Y. - H.O.P.E. (non-profit org)
(International Cooperation of Environmental Youth - Helping Our Polluted Earth) Any advertisement you view helps save the environment!  Thanks!


Cheap Airline Tickets

Discount Hotels

Rental Car Deals




Disclaimer: does not guarantee the complete accuracy of the information provided on this site or links.  Do your own research and get a professional's opinion before adhering to advice or information contained herein.  Use of the information contained herein provided by and any mistakes contained within are at the individual risk of the user. 

(We do not provide links to, or knowingly promote, any violent or pornographic sites.)

Suggestions  |  Organization Info  |  Become a Sponsor Privacy Statement

 Copyright 2010 - All Rights Reserved.- Copyright Policy